Islamic Architecture Conceptual Framework
"In this paper, I have identified and briefly examined two Islamic concepts which constitute the nucleus of the conceptual framework for sustainability in Islamic architecture. The two concepts are: 1) man as the vicegerent (khalifah) on earth, and 2) natural environment as both a field and means for man’s vicegerency mission. Central to the paper are the following themes: 1) the meaning and significance of Islamic architecture; 2) the position and role of man on earth; 3) peaceful and accountable (sustainable) coexistence with the environment; and 4) the implications of the Islamic concepts of man and the environment for sustainability in Islamic architecture. The paper is concluded by presenting some broad ideas as to the issue of pragmatism in practicing Islamic architecture today. The paper concludes that Islamic architecture is an architecture that through its multidimensionality embodies the message of Islam. It both facilitates the Muslims’ realization of the Islamic purpose and its divine principles on earth and promotes a lifestyle generated by such a philosophy and principles. At the core of Islamic architecture lies function with all of its dimensions: corporeal, cerebral and spiritual. The role of the form is an important one too, but only inasmuch as it supplements and enhances function. Indeed, one of the most recognizable features of Islamic architecture must always be sustainability. This is so because Islam, a comprehensive worldview, ethics and jurisprudence, aims to preserve man and his total wellbeing, i.e., his religion, self, mental strength, progeny (future generations) and wealth (personal, societal and natural)."
1. What is the main thought of process that led to the construction of the mosque?
“Our aim was simply to congregate of all Muslimins and Muslimats, and their cultural contribution to Islam, from around the world—to perform prayers and celebrations for Allah & His messenger, and to share knowledge and experience to one another.”
2. Choose one of these principles that you think describes the design of the mosque?
3. Choose one of these principles that you think describes the function of the mosque the most?
4. Choose one of the answers that truly express the feeling that you felt upon entering the mosque/inhabit near the mosque?
PEACEFUL AND CALM
NOT ALONE/FELT ALLAH'S PRESENCE
WISE AND SMART
5. Practically, a Muslim's (both man and woman) lifestyle is generated by the philosophy, the principles and other teachings of Islam. Rate your lifestyle as a Muslim.
“I follow the teachings of Islam often.”
“I follow the teachings of Islam mostly.”
“I follow the teachings of Islam sometimes.”
“I follow the teachings of Islam a little.”
“I don't follow any teachings of Islam.”
6.The position and role of man on earth is as the vicegerent (khalifah) of earth based on the Islamic teachings. Choose any answers or more, that a man should require to preserve that role.
7. From your experience, what are the programmes and events that have held at the mosque?
“Annually, there is the ‘Women Day’, celebrating Siti Khadijah binti Khuwailid, “the mother of Islam: the first woman to convert to Islam.”
8. Have these programmes and events stated in Question 6, benefit you in terms of...
III-ISLAMIC TRADITION PRESERVATION/SUSTAINABILITY
IV-RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ALLAH
V-RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND YOUR FAMILY
VI-RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND YOUR FRIENDS/NEIGHBOURS
VII-RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND NON-MUSLIMS
9. In Question 3, which part of the mosque that makes you truly felt that way?
“The praying hall”
10. In your own view, without this place, where would you be now?
11. From your knowledge, what are the facilities available at the mosque at the moment?
“Islamic school, orphanage hall, offices, homestay houses and a hotel, shops, cafeteria, an event hall, and praying halls for men and women.”
12. Rate the cleanliness of the mosque and the environment near it.
13. Do you think the mosque will continue to develop more, or will it end eventually? And why do you think so?
“Yes, it will.”
14. From your knowledge, what are the rules that one should strictly follow upon entering the mosque?
“Wear appropriate clothes upon entering the mosque. And keep it clean.”
3. "Islamic Architecture: Its Philosophy, Spiritual Significance, and EarlyDevelopments" by Spahic Omer
4. "A Conceptual Framework in Islamic Architecture" by Spahic Omer
5. "Man and Environment: Implications for Islamic Architecture" bySaphic Omer